Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

 
CDU Staff and Student only
 

Ongoing unraveling of a continental fauna: Decline and extinction of Australian mammals since European settlement

Woinarski, John C. Z., Burbidge, Andrew A. and Harrison, Peter L. (2015). Ongoing unraveling of a continental fauna: Decline and extinction of Australian mammals since European settlement. National Academy of Sciences, Proceedings,112(15):4531-4540.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Altmetric Score Altmetric Score is 456
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar

IRMA ID 84376995xPUB196
Title Ongoing unraveling of a continental fauna: Decline and extinction of Australian mammals since European settlement
Author Woinarski, John C. Z.
Burbidge, Andrew A.
Harrison, Peter L.
Journal Name National Academy of Sciences, Proceedings
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 112
Issue Number 15
ISSN 0027-8424   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84928136083
Start Page 4531
End Page 4540
Total Pages 10
Place of Publication United States
Publisher National Academy of Sciences
Field of Research ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract The highly distinctive and mostly endemic Australian land mammal fauna has suffered an extraordinary rate of extinction (>10% of the 273 endemic terrestrial species) over the last ∼200 y: in comparison, only one native land mammal from continental North America became extinct since European settlement. A further 21% of Australian endemic land mammal species are now assessed to be threatened, indicating that the rate of loss (of one to two extinctions per decade) is likely to continue. Australia’s marine mammals have fared better overall, but status assessment for them is seriously impeded by lack of information. Much of the loss of Australian land mammal fauna (particularly in the vast deserts and tropical savannas) has been in areas that are remote from human population centers and recognized as relatively unmodified at global scale. In contrast to general patterns of extinction on other continents where the main cause is habitat loss, hunting, and impacts of human development, particularly in areas of high and increasing human population pressures, the loss of Australian land mammals is most likely due primarily to predation by introduced species, particularly the feral cat, Felis catus, and European red fox, Vulpes vulpes, and changed fire regimes.
Keywords conservation
biodiversity
marsupial
predation
feral animal
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1417301112   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 3 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Tue, 26 Jul 2016, 12:59:48 CST