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Using Focus Groups to Validate a Pharmacy Vaccination Training Program

Bushell, Mary-Jessimine, Morrissey, Hana and Ball, Patrick (2015). Using Focus Groups to Validate a Pharmacy Vaccination Training Program. Pharmacy,3(2):39-52.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84377429xPUB51
Title Using Focus Groups to Validate a Pharmacy Vaccination Training Program
Author Bushell, Mary-Jessimine
Morrissey, Hana
Ball, Patrick
Journal Name Pharmacy
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 3
Issue Number 2
ISSN 2226-4787   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 39
End Page 52
Total Pages 14
Place of Publication Switzerland
Publisher M D P I AG
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Introduction: Focus group methodology is commonly used to quickly collate, integrated views from a variety of different stakeholders. This paper provides an example of how focus groups can be employed to collate expert opinion informing amendments on a newly developed training program for integration into undergraduate pharmacy curricula. Materials and methods: Four focus groups were conducted, across three continents, to determine the appropriateness and reliability of a developed vaccination training program with nested injection skills training. All focus groups were comprised of legitimate experts in the field of vaccination, medicine and/or pharmacy. Results: Themes that emerged across focus groups informed amendments giving rise to a validated version of a training program. Discussion: The rigorous validation of the vaccination training program offers generalizable lessons to inform the design and validation of future training programs intended for the health sector and or pharmacy curricula. Using the knowledge and experience of focus group participants fostered collaborative problem solving and validation of material and concept development. The group dynamics of a focus group allowed synthesis of feedback in an inter-professional manner. Conclusions: This paper provides a demonstration of how focus groups can be structured and used by health researchers to validate a newly developed training program.
Keywords Pharmacy
Focus groups
Multidisciplinary
Inter-professional
Pharmacy curriculum
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy3020039   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Additional Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description for Link Link to CC Attribution 4.0 License
URL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/au


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