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Effects of Long-Term Surfing on Bone Health in Mature-Aged Males

Climstein, Mike, Pollard, Zachary, Furness, James, Walsh, Joseph, McLellan, Chris and Meerkin, Jarrod (2015). Effects of Long-Term Surfing on Bone Health in Mature-Aged Males. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education,9(1):24-37.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84377429xPUB98
Title Effects of Long-Term Surfing on Bone Health in Mature-Aged Males
Author Climstein, Mike
Pollard, Zachary
Furness, James
Walsh, Joseph
McLellan, Chris
Meerkin, Jarrod
Journal Name International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 9
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1932-9997   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84924811070
Start Page 24
End Page 37
Total Pages 14
Place of Publication United States
Publisher Human Kinetics, Inc.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Low mechanical loading aquatic activities such as swimming and scuba diving have identified decreased bone mineral density (BMD); however, the effects of long-term surfing on bone health remains uninvestigated. This was a cross-sectional observational study with two groups: surfers (n = 11) with 40 years surfing experience and age and gender-matched sedentary controls (n = 10). Data collected included physical activity questionnaires, biomarkers, BMD, bone mineral content and body composition. Surfers demonstrated a significantly (p < 0.05) higher mean BMD in the arms (+18.8%), trunk (+26.1%), ribs (+27.2%), spine (+39.5%), and lumbar spine (+22.8%). Surfers also exhibited a significantly (p < 0.05) higher BMC in the arms, trunk, ribs, spine and pelvis. Surfers also had a significantly higher (p = .046) lean muscle mass in their arms (+16.8%). Our results indicate long-term participation in surfing is beneficial to bone health and maybe an ideal physical activity for middle-aged aquatic enthusiasts.
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Created: Tue, 26 Jul 2016, 13:00:54 CST