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Classical Swine Fever Changes the Way Farmers Value Pigs in South Africa

Madzimure, James, Chimonyo, Michael, Dzama, Kennedy, Garnett, Stephen T. and Zander, Kerstin K. (2015). Classical Swine Fever Changes the Way Farmers Value Pigs in South Africa. Journal of Agricultural Economics,66(3):812-831.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84376995xPUB203
Title Classical Swine Fever Changes the Way Farmers Value Pigs in South Africa
Author Madzimure, James
Chimonyo, Michael
Dzama, Kennedy
Garnett, Stephen T.
Zander, Kerstin K.
Journal Name Journal of Agricultural Economics
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 66
Issue Number 3
ISSN 0021-857X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84939463310
Start Page 812
End Page 831
Total Pages 20
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Field of Research 0701 - Agriculture, Land and Farm Management
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Although there is growing demand for animal products in Africa, production is stagnating. Appropriate management of livestock diversity could help reinvigorate production, contribute to food security and improve farmers’ livelihoods, particularly in subsistence-oriented systems. We assess differences in farmers’ preferences and economic values for pig traits across different production systems and across areas that have been affected and unaffected by classical swine fever (CSF). Not surprisingly, market-oriented farmers derived higher values from the productive traits such as heavy slaughter weight and large litter size found in exotic pig genotypes. Subsistence-oriented farmers, particularly in swine fever affected areas, placed high value on tolerance to disease. We found that CSF changed farmers’ preferences for adaptive traits, and less so for productive traits. Therefore, indigenous breeds become more valuable for subsistence farmers and crossbreeds for market-oriented farmers if CSF is a risk. Our results can have implications for breeding and conservation strategies and for compensation strategies after culling, and will become increasingly relevant if, as predicted, heat waves and disease outbreaks become more frequent in pig production systems in South Africa with climate change.
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Created: Tue, 26 Jul 2016, 13:02:03 CST