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Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD+ in rural communities - a case study from Nepal

Poudel, Mohan, Thwaites, Rik, Race, Digby and Dahal, Ganga Ram (2015). Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD+ in rural communities - a case study from Nepal. International Journal of the Commons,9(1):177-208.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84376995xPUB263
Title Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD+ in rural communities - a case study from Nepal
Author Poudel, Mohan
Thwaites, Rik
Race, Digby
Dahal, Ganga Ram
Journal Name International Journal of the Commons
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 9
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1875-0281   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84924913097
Start Page 177
End Page 208
Total Pages 32
Place of Publication Netherlands
Publisher Utrecht University Library Open Access Journals
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Despite growing international consensus that the use of the policy instrument REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries) could be an effective way to reduce carbon emissions from the forestry sector and support bio-diversity with livelihood benefits, there are a range of unresolved issues, including potential implications for rural livelihoods. This paper presents results from recent research that examines social equity and livelihood implications of the piloting of REDD+ through Nepal’s community forestry system, within selected villages in the Gorkha district of Nepal. The research reveals the varying experiences of households, closely correlated to the socio-economic attributes of the households. Despite the ‘no harm and equitable’ policy, this research indicates that not everyone is experiencing the anticipated benefits of REDD+. Although poorer, women-headed and marginalized households are targeted in some ways (e.g. seed grants), the support is limited, and inadequately compensates the loss they have experienced in other ways (e.g. limited access to forests). Households bundling by caste may not necessarily address equity, but is likely to increase intra-caste marginalization.
Keywords Community forestry
Livelihoods
Multiple outcomes
Poverty and equity
REDD+
Additional Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description for Link Link to CC Attribution 3.0 License
URL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au


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