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Seasonal differences in fire activity and intensity in tropical savannas of northern Australia using satellite measurements of fire radiative power

Oliveira, Sofia L. J., Maier, Stefan W., Pereira, Jose M. C. and Russell-Smith, Jeremy (2015). Seasonal differences in fire activity and intensity in tropical savannas of northern Australia using satellite measurements of fire radiative power. International Journal of Wildland Fire,24(2):249-260.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 75039815xPUB807
Title Seasonal differences in fire activity and intensity in tropical savannas of northern Australia using satellite measurements of fire radiative power
Author Oliveira, Sofia L. J.
Maier, Stefan W.
Pereira, Jose M. C.
Russell-Smith, Jeremy
Journal Name International Journal of Wildland Fire
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 24
Issue Number 2
ISSN 1049-8001   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84925252143
Start Page 249
End Page 260
Total Pages 12
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher C S I R O Publishing
Field of Research ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Earth observation sensors play an important role in quantifying the energy released by fires and capturing their spatial and temporal dynamics. Using estimates of MODIS-derived fire radiative power (FRP) we characterised bushfire activity and intensity in tropical savannas of northern Australia, by season and vegetation type, over the period 2004–2012. Our results indicate that fire activity was highest in the Northern Territory and lowest in Queensland. Mean daily number of fire detections was almost twice as high in the late dry season (August–November) compared to the early dry season (May–July). Fire season was bimodal with fire activity peaks in May and October. Median fire intensity was lower for early dry season fires (29 MW) than late dry season fires (56 MW), and was positively correlated with the number of fire detections. Vegetation types with sparse canopy structure showed lower fire activity and higher intensity. Remote sensing of FRP provides frequent estimates of fire intensity over broad areas, allowing the comparison of this key fire behaviour metric across ecosystems and throughout the fire season. FRP estimates may also be used to draw inferences regarding fire effects, once the complexity and ecosystem-specificity of the relationships between fire intensity and fire severity is acknowledged.
Keywords MODIS
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF13201   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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