James (Jim) Douglas Gallacher (1923-1990) was born in Warrnambool, Victoria, and served in the Australian Imperial Force, 1942-46. In 1951 he became the first teacher at Areyonga Aboriginal Community, 220 km west of Alice Springs. From 1956 to 1959 he was District Education Officer with the Welfare Branch and in 1962 he became Inspector of Schools, based in Darwin. In 1966 he was awarded a Churchill Fellowship. This allowed him to visit Native American schools in Canada and the United States, and contributed to the writing of the Watts-Gallacher Report which led to the institution of bilingual education in the NT. Jim Gallacher was instrumental in the establishment of residential schools for Indigenous students in the Territory. In 1976 he was made a Fellow of the Australian College of Education. He received an MBE in 1978.