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Elite Hockey in a Tropical Environment

Brearley, Matthew B., Finn, James P. and Wood, Robert J. (2002). Elite Hockey in a Tropical Environment. In: Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, Melbourne, 12-16 October 2002.

Document type: Conference Paper
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Author Brearley, Matthew B.
Finn, James P.
Wood, Robert J.
Title Elite Hockey in a Tropical Environment
Conference Name Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport
Conference Location Melbourne
Conference Dates 12-16 October 2002
Place of Publication Canberra ACT Australia
Publisher Sports Medicine Australia
Publication Year 2002
ISBN 1-8753-3410-6   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 34
End Page 34
Total Pages 1
Abstract Field hockey rules prohibit provision of fluids on the pitch by team staff. In tropical conditions, such policy may compromise athletic performance as inadequate fluid intake promotes dehydration. Four heat acclimatised male Northern Territory (NT) representatives (age: 18.4±1.2 yrs; predicted VO2max: 50.4±2.4; height: 1.78±0.05 m; body mass: 77.3±17.3 kg (mean±SD)) were investigated for tympanic temperature, sweat rate, hydration status and heart rate responses during 3 Australian Hockey League games held in Darwin, NT. Analysis included pre warm-up (17 mins), warm-up (39 mins), game (85 mins) and warm-down (11 mins). Ice jackets (Bodycool, Neptune, Australia) were utilised prior, during halftime and substitution periods. Urine specific gravity was 1.012 (0.010) before each game. Sweat loss was 1.23 0.14 L/h while a fluid intake of 0.90 0.27 L/h resulted in a loss of 1.2% body mass. Fluid consumption was inversely related to time on the pitch (r=-0.56). Heart rate averaged 84.3% of maximum during the games (88.9% excluding substitution periods). Tympanic temperature rose 0.5°C from baseline to 37.7°C post-game. Despite the use of cooling interventions, acclimatised elite hockey players elicited high sweat rates and suffered dehydration. Team staff may need to provide access to fluids during stoppages and use substitutions to permit adequate fluid intake to match sweat losses in tropical condition.
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