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Biological control of Amblyelta spp (Hemiptera: Careidae) using Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - progress, prospects and challenges

Peng, Renkang, Christian, Keith A. and Gibb, Karen S. (2002). Biological control of Amblyelta spp (Hemiptera: Careidae) using Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - progress, prospects and challenges. In Drew, R.(Ed.), International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits. Belgium: ISHS. (pp. 495-502).

Document type: Book Chapter
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Author Peng, Renkang
Christian, Keith A.
Gibb, Karen S.
Title of Chapter Biological control of Amblyelta spp (Hemiptera: Careidae) using Oecophylla smaragdina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - progress, prospects and challenges
Title of Book International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits
Place of Publication Belgium
Publisher ISHS
Publication Year 2002
Series ISHS Acta Horticulturae 575
Editor Drew, R.
ISBN 9789066058859   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Volume Number 1
Start Page 495
End Page 502
Total Pages 8
Field of Research 0706 - Horticultural Production
Abstract Coreidae bugs, Amblypelta spp, are economically important insect pests. Predation and parasitism are conventionally considered unimportant in controlling Amblypelta, and this results in heavy use of chemical insecticides. However, a number of natural enemies of Amblypelta have been identified, and among these, predacious ants, Oecophylla smaragdina, can significantly reduce populations of Amblypelta. Data from field surveys, observations and long-term monitoring, demonstrated the significant control efficiency of the main species of Amblypelta by the ants. Field experiments showed that the best way of using the ants to manage Amblypelta populations was at the colony level. Bio-ecology of the ants is reviewed with respect to each of the nine criteria of using ants to control insect pests. The geographical distribution of Amblypelta spp is examined against that of O. smaragdina. For some tropical tree crops, it is possible to produce "insecticide free products" by using O. smaragdina colonies to manage the main insect pests including Amblypelta spp. Future use of the ants as a major element of an IPM program is discussed.
 
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Created: Tue, 03 Mar 2009, 11:30:24 CST by Sarena Wegener