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Global implications of the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in indigenous populations

Tong, Steven Y. C., McDonald, Malcolm I., Holt, Deborah C. and Currie, Bart J. (2008). Global implications of the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in indigenous populations. Clinical Infectious Diseases,46(12):1871-1878.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 10239xPUB16
Title Global implications of the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in indigenous populations
Author Tong, Steven Y. C.
McDonald, Malcolm I.
Holt, Deborah C.
Currie, Bart J.
Journal Name Clinical Infectious Diseases
Publication Date 2008
Volume Number 46
Issue Number 12
ISSN 1058-4838   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 1871
End Page 1878
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication US
Publisher University of Chicago Press
Field of Research 0605 - Microbiology
1103 - Clinical Sciences
1108 - Medical Microbiology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract The emergence of community‐associated methicillin‐resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Australia may have been facilitated by conditions in socially disadvantaged populations—particularly, remote Australian Aboriginal communities. The appearance of community‐associated MRSA was first noticed in Australia during the early 1980s; subsequently, several genetically diverse strains have independently emerged from geographically distinct regions. Molecular and epidemiological studies support the role of genetic transfer of resistance determinants (SCCmecIV) in this process. Conditions in Aboriginal communities—namely, domestic crowding, poor hygiene, and high rates of scabies, pyoderma, and antibiotic use—have facilitated both the clonal expansion and de novo emergence of strains of community‐associated MRSA. Combating the worldwide emergence and spread of community‐associated MRSA may require novel community‐level control strategies targeted at specific groups, such as remote Indigenous populations.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/588301   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Apr 2009, 16:01:42 CST by Sarena Wegener