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Incomplete Immunity and Missed Vaccination Opportunities in East African Immigrants Settling in Australia

Skull, Susan, Ngeow, J., Hogg, G. and Biggs, B. (2008). Incomplete Immunity and Missed Vaccination Opportunities in East African Immigrants Settling in Australia. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health,10(3):263-268.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 10619xPUB27
Title Incomplete Immunity and Missed Vaccination Opportunities in East African Immigrants Settling in Australia
Author Skull, Susan
Ngeow, J.
Hogg, G.
Biggs, B.
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Publication Date 2008
Volume Number 10
Issue Number 3
ISSN 1557-1912   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 263
End Page 268
Total Pages 6
Place of Publication US
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Field of Research 1117 - Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Background: Immigrants and refugees are at particular risk of incomplete immunisation and may be unaware of their vaccination status. There is a paucity of data on the immunisation status of adult immigrants from African countries.

Aims: To review the immunisation status of adult immigrants from East Africa, and to identify missed opportunities for vaccination.

Methods: A community survey was conducted using self-reported vaccination status, Mantoux skin tests, and serological testing for immunity to hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria and measles.

Results: Proven inadequate immunity against at least one of tetanus (67%), hepatitis B (41%), diphtheria (34%) or measles (3%) was found among 100/126 (81%) participants despite a median of seven visits to vaccine providers since immigration. A positive Mantoux test occurred in 17% of participants.

Conclusions: Pre- and post-arrival health assessments are currently failing to address vaccination needs in recently arrived East African adult immigrants. Immigrants should have their immunisation status assessed, with opportunistic vaccination provided wherever possible.
Keywords Vaccination
Immunization
Refugees
Africa
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-007-9071-9   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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Created: Wed, 29 Apr 2009, 13:56:12 CST by Sarena Wegener