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Prospective assessment of protracted bacterial bronchitis: Airway inflammation and innate immune activation

Marchant, J., Gibson, P., Grissell, T., Timmins, N., Masters, Ian B. and Chang, Anne B. (2008). Prospective assessment of protracted bacterial bronchitis: Airway inflammation and innate immune activation. Pediatric Pulmonology,43(11):1092-1099.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 10491xPUB124
Title Prospective assessment of protracted bacterial bronchitis: Airway inflammation and innate immune activation
Author Marchant, J.
Gibson, P.
Grissell, T.
Timmins, N.
Masters, Ian B.
Chang, Anne B.
Journal Name Pediatric Pulmonology
Publication Date 2008
Volume Number 43
Issue Number 11
ISSN 8755-6863   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 1092
End Page 1099
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication US
Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Field of Research 1114 - Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) is a common cause of paediatric chronic moist cough. PBB is defined as the presence of isolated chronic moist cough which resolves with antibiotic therapy within 2 weeks and an absence of pointers suggesting alternative diagnoses. Our aim was to describe the clinical profile and examine the airway cellularity and likely promoters of neutrophilic inflammation in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of children with PBB compared with chronic cough due to other causes and controls. We explored the innate immune signaling receptors, toll-like receptors (TLR)-2 and TLR-4, as well as relevant effector molecules. A cross-sectional comparison was made of 100 children median age 2.58 years (with either PBB, coughing due to another cause or no cough controls) who underwent flexible bronchoscopy with lavage. BAL was evaluated for airway cytology, microbiology, inflammatory mediators interleukin 8 (IL-8) and active matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and TLR-2 and TLR-4 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression. Children with PBB had marked airway neutrophilia and increased median cytokine levels when compared to those with cough that resolved naturally and no cough controls: IL-8 0.67 versus 0.07 and 0.06 ng/ml (P < 0.005) and active MMP-9 7.25 versus 1.35 and 0.38 ng/ml (P < 0.005). The values for TLR-2 and TLR-4 mRNA expression were significantly elevated in children with PBB when compared to the control group. PBB is a paediatric condition which presents with chronic moist cough and its airway profile is characterized by intense neutrophilic airway inflammation with marked inflammatory mediator response and evidence of innate immune activation.
Keywords bronchitis
bronchoalveolar lavage
cough
cytokines
paediatrics
toll-like receptors
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.20906   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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Created: Tue, 05 May 2009, 11:30:43 CST by Sarena Wegener