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Incidence, aetiology, and outcomes of cancer in Indigenous peoples in Australia

Cunningham, Joan, Rumbold, Alice R., Zhang, Xiaohua and Condon, John R. (2008). Incidence, aetiology, and outcomes of cancer in Indigenous peoples in Australia. Lancet Oncology,9(6):585-595.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 10010xPUB28
Title Incidence, aetiology, and outcomes of cancer in Indigenous peoples in Australia
Author Cunningham, Joan
Rumbold, Alice R.
Zhang, Xiaohua
Condon, John R.
Journal Name Lancet Oncology
Publication Date 2008
Volume Number 9
Issue Number 6
ISSN 1470-2045   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 585
End Page 595
Total Pages 11
Place of Publication UK
Publisher The Lancet Publishing Group
Field of Research 1112 - Oncology and Carcinogenesis
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract An assessment of recent data on cancer in Indigenous Australians (Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders) shows that, although they are less likely to have some types of cancer than other Australians, Indigenous people are significantly more likely to have cancers that have a poor prognosis, but are largely preventable, such as lung and liver cancer. Indigenous people with cancer are diagnosed at a later stage, are less likely to receive adequate treatment, and are more likely to die from their cancers than other Australians. Inadequate identification of Indigenous people in cancer registers precludes reporting for some parts of Australia, but sufficient information is available to identify priorities and inform appropriate remedial action. Health-risk factors, especially smoking, and inadequate health-system performance largely explain the patterns of cancer incidence and mortality in areas with adequate data. Effective tobacco control programmes, improvements across a range of health services, and meaningful Indigenous engagement are all needed to decrease the burden of cancer in Indigenous Australians.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(08)70150-5   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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Created: Tue, 05 May 2009, 11:59:20 CST by Sarena Wegener