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The epidemiology of melioidosis in the Balimo region of Papua New Guinea

Warner, Jeffrey M., Pelowa, D. B., Gal, D., Rai, G., Mayo, Mark J., Currie, Bart J., Govan, B., Skerratt, L. F. and Hirst, R. G. (2008). The epidemiology of melioidosis in the Balimo region of Papua New Guinea. Epidemiology and Infection,136(7):965-971.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 10103xPUB21
Title The epidemiology of melioidosis in the Balimo region of Papua New Guinea
Author Warner, Jeffrey M.
Pelowa, D. B.
Gal, D.
Rai, G.
Mayo, Mark J.
Currie, Bart J.
Govan, B.
Skerratt, L. F.
Hirst, R. G.
Journal Name Epidemiology and Infection
Publication Date 2008
Volume Number 136
Issue Number 7
ISSN 0950-2688   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 965
End Page 971
Total Pages 7
Place of Publication Cambridge, U.K
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Field of Research 0605 - Microbiology
0799 - Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
1199 - Other Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract The distribution of Burkholderia pseudomallei was determined in soil collected from a rural district in Papua New Guinea (PNG) where melioidosis had recently been described, predominately affecting children. In 274 samples, 2·6% tested culture-positive for B. pseudomallei. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis using SpeI digests and rapid polymorphic DNA PCR with five primers demonstrated a single clone amongst clinical isolates and isolates cultured from the environment that was commonly used by children from whom the clinical isolates were derived. We concluded that individuals in this region most probably acquired the organism through close contact with the environment at these sites. Burkholderia thailandensis, a closely related Burkholderia sp. was isolated from 5·5% of samples tested, an observation similar to that of melioidosis-endemic areas in Thailand. This is the first report of an environmental reservoir for melioidosis in PNG and confirms the Balimo district in PNG as melioidosis endemic.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268807009429   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)


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