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The role of women in community management of biosecurity

Martiningsih, Eka (2008). The role of women in community management of biosecurity. Learning Communities: international journal of learning in social contexts,(2):86-99.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title The role of women in community management of biosecurity
Author Martiningsih, Eka
Journal Name Learning Communities: international journal of learning in social contexts
Publication Date 2008
Issue Number 2
ISSN 1329-1440   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 86
End Page 99
Total Pages 14
Place of Publication Darwin, NT, Australia
Publisher Social Partnerships in Learning Research Consortium - Learning Research Group, Charles Darwin University
Field of Research 1301 - Education Systems
1303 - Specialist Studies in Education
1399 - Other Education
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract This paper aims to identify and discuss the role of Balinese women in collective activities for community empowerment in two villages in Bali. The two sites are Legian (Site A) and Peninjoan (Site B). Information was collected using questionnaires and interviews with female leaders and other women in the two villages. There are high levels of participation in community activities by women in both villages. Women are actively involved in social, cultural, spiritual, tourism and agricultural activities. However the capacities of women involved in community empowerment at Site A are higher than those at Site B. This is demonstrated by the success of the PKK (program for women to improve family welfare) at Site A, where the women have independently implemented a collective program for the eradication of mosquitoes carrying dengue fever. This activity involves the on-going clearing of laneways as an activity from the women, by the women, for the women. At Site B, participation of women in collective activities is still low. There continues to be failure in leadership in various women’s activities, which are only implemented if they are pushed directly by the government. The women of the community depend on direction from traditional male leadership for implementation of village activities. Female leadership exists in the organizational structure known as the PKK (Family Welfare and Empowerment). This organization usually sits below, or shadows, male leadership at the ‘lurah’ (village) or ‘banjar’ (hamlet) level. The wives of the Lurah and Banjar are automatically appointed as leaders of the respective levels of PKK. At Sites A and B decisions made by the PKK are still dependent on agreement from the lurah or banjar head. Women have potential in various aspects of social capital, but unfortunately this is often overlooked as women are subordinate to men within the community. This is apparent in various leadership structures such as BAMUS (Badan Musyawarah), the institution which coordinates between community administrative and traditional leaders at Site A and BPD (Village Representation Agency) at Site B. Women are not represented in either of these organizations. Women in these locations need to be encouraged and empowered to strengthen women’s organizations and increase women’s involvement in decision-making.
Additional Notes This article has been extracted from Learning Communities: international journal of learning in social contexts, Issue 2, June 2008
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