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Fish Forensics using a combination of SSCP analysis and sequencing of a 16s mtDNA gene fragment: preliminary results indicate inconsistant product labelling

Williamson, S-A and Austin, Christopher M. (2008). Fish Forensics using a combination of SSCP analysis and sequencing of a 16s mtDNA gene fragment: preliminary results indicate inconsistant product labelling. In: Bajhau, H, Phelan, M, Coutin, P and Grubert, M The Australian Society for Fish Biology Workshop, Darwin, 11-15 July 2005.

Document type: Conference Paper
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Author Williamson, S-A
Austin, Christopher M.
Title Fish Forensics using a combination of SSCP analysis and sequencing of a 16s mtDNA gene fragment: preliminary results indicate inconsistant product labelling
Conference Name The Australian Society for Fish Biology Workshop
Conference Location Darwin
Conference Dates 11-15 July 2005
Conference Publication Title A guide to monitoring fish stocks and aquatic ecosystems
Editor Bajhau, H
Phelan, M
Coutin, P
Grubert, M
Place of Publication Queenscliff, VIC
Publisher The Australian Society for Fish Biology
Publication Year 2008
Volume Number 1
ISBN 978-8-9804011-3-4   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 47
End Page 59
Total Pages 13
HERDC Category E2 - Conference Publication - Full written paper, non refereed proceedings (internal)
Abstract The seafood industry is one of the most important and complex industries worldwide. Product identification is critical to the industry and is complicated because, even in Australia, literally thousands of marketing names are used. In addition, an increasing trend to sell fish species as skinless and boneless fillets makes identification post-processing highly problematic. Not suprisingly, there is increasing concern amongst consumers and regulatory authorities regarding the veracity of labelling of such products. The seafood industry is aware of the need for consistent and accurate labelling as incorrect identification of fish fillets, whether deliberate or accidental, can have serious negative effects on consumer confidence. Here, we demonstrated that single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis, coupled with direct sequencing, of the 16S mtDNA gene region, can provide a rapid, efficient and reliable method of identifying fish fillets sold in south-eastern Australia. Fillets of barramundi, cod hake, hoki and snapper were purchased and compared first using single strand conformation polymorphism analysis with comparisons against taxonomically verified Australian reference samples. All fillet and reference samples were then sequenced to determine the efficiency of the single strand conformation polymorphism technique and make comparisons with sequences available from GenBank for imported products. Our results revealed labelling inconsistencies due to multiple marketing names being applied to single species and multiple species being marketed under a single name. In addition to this, we found difficulties in identifying products using fragment-based methods especially in regard to imported products.
 
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Created: Fri, 15 May 2009, 10:48:34 CST by Sarena Wegener