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Costing the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources: The Case of Borana Cattle in Ethiopia and Kenya

Zander, Kerstin K., Drucker, Adam G. and Holm-Muller, K. (2009). Costing the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources: The Case of Borana Cattle in Ethiopia and Kenya. Journal of Arid Environments,73(4-May):550-556.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 79763798xPUB7
Title Costing the Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources: The Case of Borana Cattle in Ethiopia and Kenya
Author Zander, Kerstin K.
Drucker, Adam G.
Holm-Muller, K.
Journal Name Journal of Arid Environments
Publication Date 2009
Volume Number 73
Issue Number 4-May
ISSN 1095-922X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-60949108513
Start Page 550
End Page 556
Total Pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Field of Research 0502 - Environmental Science and Management
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Individual preferences, changing market conditions, environmental constraints, and regulatory interventions can all contribute towards livestock-keepers in arid environments moving away from their traditional livestock production systems. As a consequence, certain local breeds and the genetic resources they represent may become used less and less, eventually becoming threatened with extinction. Where society considers the maintenance of such genetic diversity to be important, conservation initiatives must be established. The paper presents results from an empirical case study carried out in the Borana lowlands of Ethiopia and Kenya. Conservation costs in the form of local livestock-keeper opportunity costs incurred from keeping the breed targeted for conservation rather than an alternative breed were measured. A contingent valuation, involving 370 households each completing an iterative bidding game, was applied. Respondents stated their willingness to accept compensation for conserving traditional Borana cattle instead of keeping other cattle breeds. The data was analysed using a Tobit model and we conclude that the costs of a community-based conservation programme split between Ethiopia and Kenya, based on a safe minimum herd size, would require €25,400 per year in terms of direct support payments and management and monitoring costs.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2008.11.003   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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Created: Mon, 25 May 2009, 13:48:52 CST by Sarena Wegener