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Mountains and Molehills: a spatiotemporal analysis of poker machine expenditure in the Northern Territory of Australia

Young, M., Lamb, D. and Doran, B. (2009). Mountains and Molehills: a spatiotemporal analysis of poker machine expenditure in the Northern Territory of Australia. Australian Geographer,40(3):249-269.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 78217904xPUB14
Title Mountains and Molehills: a spatiotemporal analysis of poker machine expenditure in the Northern Territory of Australia
Author Young, M.
Lamb, D.
Doran, B.
Journal Name Australian Geographer
Publication Date 2009
Volume Number 40
Issue Number 3
ISSN 0004-9182   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 249
End Page 269
Total Pages 21
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Routledge
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Over the last several decades, electronic gaming machines (EGMs) have been steadily introduced into non-casino gambling venues, that is pubs and clubs, in all Australian jurisdictions apart from Western Australia. This spatial dispersal is of immediate policy concern given the documented relationship between EGM participation and gambling-related harm. However, while research has been conducted on the geography of EGM gambling in metropolitan Australia, less is known about the spatial patterns of EGM distribution in remote urban centres. In this paper we present a spatial and temporal examination of EGM expenditure trends in the main urban centres of the Northern Territory on a venue-by-venue basis over a 5-year period (2002-07). Three general spatial patterns of EGM expenditure were identified, namely suburban gambling complexes, city-centre gambling agglomerations, and opportunistic gambling nodes. We explain these patterns in the context of the interplay between existing spatial infrastructure, the accessibility of venues to particular markets, and the overall market distortions produced by regulation. We suggest that the sensitivity of existing harm-minimisation tools, based on a generic capping of EGM numbers by venue type, could be improved by consideration of these spatial processes at the local level.
Keywords gambling
electronic gaming machines
spatial distribution
venues
kernel density analysis
Northern Territory
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00049180903127721   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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