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Ecology of the coprophagous moth Trisyntopa neossophila Edwards (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae)

Cooney, S., Olsen, P. and Garnett, Stephen (2009). Ecology of the coprophagous moth Trisyntopa neossophila Edwards (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae). Australian Journal of Entomology,48(2):97-101.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 78220986xPUB35
Title Ecology of the coprophagous moth Trisyntopa neossophila Edwards (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae)
Author Cooney, S.
Olsen, P.
Garnett, Stephen
Journal Name Australian Journal of Entomology
Publication Date 2009
Volume Number 48
Issue Number 2
ISSN 1326-6756   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 97
End Page 101
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Trisyntopa neossophila Edwards (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae) is an unusual moth whose breeding cycle is closely synchronised with a termite mound nesting parrot of northern Australia; the hooded parrot (Psephotus dissimilis Collet). T. neossophila is one of three coprophagous, nest dwelling moths in the genus Trisyntopa Lower 1918. True coprophagy is rare in the Lepidoptera, although some species occasionally consume faeces to gain rare nutrients. We present observations of the life cycle of T. neossophila, a moth that lays its eggs in the nest of a hooded parrot, so that larvae hatch in synchrony with the hatching of the parrot's eggs. The larvae spend their larval period in the nest and exclusively consume the excrement of the nestling parrots. When the parrot chicks fledge, the larvae move to the walls of the nest cavity to pupate, emerging the following wet season to repeat the process during the next parrot breeding season.
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Created: Thu, 18 Mar 2010, 21:59:18 CST by Sarena Wegener