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The Contribution of Aboriginal Tourism to Economic Development: Making Appropriate Distrinctions

Tremblay, Pascal (2009). The Contribution of Aboriginal Tourism to Economic Development: Making Appropriate Distrinctions<br /><br />. In: Carlsen, Jack, Hughes, Michael, Holmes, Kirsten and Jones, Roy CAUTHE 2009. Conference of the Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education. 18th International Tourism Research Conference, Fremantle, W.A, 10-13 February 2009.

Document type: Conference Paper
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Author Tremblay, Pascal
Title The Contribution of Aboriginal Tourism to Economic Development: Making Appropriate Distrinctions

Conference Name CAUTHE 2009. Conference of the Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education. 18th International Tourism Research Conference
Conference Location Fremantle, W.A
Conference Dates 10-13 February 2009
Conference Publication Title Proceedings of CAUTHE 2009: See change: Tourism and Hospitality in a Dynamic World
Editor Carlsen, Jack
Hughes, Michael
Holmes, Kirsten
Jones, Roy
Place of Publication Fremantle, W.A.
Publisher Curtin University of Technology
Publication Year 2009
ISBN 1863081534   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 951
End Page 976
Total Pages 26
HERDC Category E1 - Conference Publication (DEST)
Abstract It is common for research on Indigenous tourism to raise the question of whether tourism constitutes a valuable form of economic development for Aboriginal people, communities or entrepreneurs, and whether some forms of tourism are preferable to alternatives. This paper explores various ways in which tourism has been conceived as a way to achieve 'economic development' objectives, in particular how it has been articulated. While the objective of allowing Indigenous people to 'participate in the market economy (and away from government or welfare sector dependence)' is fairly uniform, it seems to lead to a very diverse number of interpretations among non-Aboriginal researchers who comment on these issues. The paper's main claim is that there is no universal way to assess the contribution that tourism can make to economic development. In particular, it is critical to differentiate between development contexts when referring to participation in market and Aboriginal choice. In one case, tourism offers opportunities for Aboriginal people by providing allowing them to use their comparative advantages (linked with the development of cultural tourism services and interpretation) and participate in the mainstream market economy on that basis. This argument can apply to Aboriginal people and communities embedded in the SouthEast Australian mixed economy. The assessment of suitable forms of tourism participation in the context of peripheral and developing regions must follow a different, developmental logic. Large (but less populated) parts of Australia offering Indigenous tourism opportunities are characterized by government-driven development where 'the market' plays a derivative role and by regional economies offering limited opportunities and featuring significant gaps in economic capabilities. Indigenous stakeholders operating in the latter hold different priorities, such as building up resilience and ensuring local skills diversification, and the role that tourism entrepreneurship or development can play must be examined with that perspective in mind.
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Created: Fri, 26 Mar 2010, 15:47:57 CST by Sarena Wegener